Visualisation du fichier CSV pour l'export des fiches de type : Debate on innovations for agroecology - Total des fiches : 27
"datetime_create","datetime_latest","Name","Organisation","Category *","Region *","What are, or should be, the main characteristics of agroecological innovations ? (sentences or key words)","Why are these characteristics important for agroecological transitions to sustainable food systems ?"
22/03/2018 15:26:19,22/03/2018 15:26:19,"Angela Cordeiro","Agroecology Fund","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Latin America and the Caribbean","diversification of farming systems, more inclusive marketing channells, ","1. Diversification of farming systems is an import step to enhance ecological cycles at farm & landscape level and to provide  more diversity  in terms of  food options. 
2.  More inclusive food marketing channells are essential to leverage agroecological transition and  to achieve social inclusion and equity. "
22/03/2018 16:21:35,22/03/2018 16:21:35,"Eugenio Tisselli","ETH","Academia","Europe and Central Asia","New narratives for agri-cultures that grow from the grassroots. Appropriate usage and context-aware implementation of new technologies. Empower farming communities by encouraging their ownership of agroecological innovation.","The cultural and context-specific factors have long been neglected by innovations in agriculture. Agroecology, with its focus on the social and cultural aspects of agriculture, has the opportunity to rethink innovation so that it integrates farming communities as key actors."
22/03/2018 16:48:48,22/03/2018 16:48:48,"Paola De Meo","terra nuova","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Europe and Central Asia","community centered,  improving resilience to climate change,  allow for biodiversity  reproduction","community dimension is important  for sustainability of any agroecological innovation; climate  change  is impacting  on natural resources at different levels and agroecological approaches are best placed to deal with adaptation and resilience; Biodiversity erosion is also one of the major issues, and this will in turn make  natural ecosystems more vulnerable. for this reason any agroecological innovation should be aimed at improving biodiversity"
22/03/2018 17:37:01,22/03/2018 17:37:01,"Ric Coe","","","Sub Saharan Africa","Based on ecological insights, understanding and theory.  Novelty, bringing something genuinely new to the sets of practices available. ","1. To avoid unreasonable expectations and hence loss of credibility when they are not met.
2.  To increase the options available not simply recycle ideas that have been around for a long time"
22/03/2018 17:55:51,22/03/2018 17:55:51,"Dr Mandeep Singh Azad","Sher-e- Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu,India","Academia","Asia and the Pacific","There is widespread consensus that farmers must produce more food per unit of land, water, and agrochemicals. To do so, they simply cannot continue producing in the same way. They will have to do this while facing climate change, volatility, shifting nutrition needs, and the increasing scarcity of most of the physical factors of production. Agriculture is at the threshold of a necessary paradigm shift.Working directly with farmers from many years i have learnt farmers are the one who can come up with some interesting innovation we just need to do fine tuning of these events and it can be a big success.One of the most important innovation we need is to **make agriculture look sexy/attractive** so that youth can be attracted in farming as they are the one to come up with new ideas and innovations.
Few important agroecology innovation i think should be included are as :
Farmers participatory seed/breed selections which is best suited for their area
Family farming which should involve all the members of the family and they should be paid to keep it as a job.
Small farmer groups e farming can be very successful


","Youth are most important for any kind of innovation because they are the one with all the ideas and adrenaline to make changes 
Farmers participatory seed/breed selection can help  in introduction and adaption of best suited variety for their whole village and thus can improve both production and ecology
Family farming is the best thing as it involves all and will surely work for welfare of crop and environment 
Diversification with integrated approach of using ones waste product for improving production of other .It is very important as it help in generating a multi source of income "
22/03/2018 18:26:39,22/03/2018 18:26:39,"Mudzingwa Shepherd K","Fambidzanai Permaculture Centre","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Relevant
Driven by the interests of indigenous communities
Replicable 
User friendly","For innovations to be useful in rural communities it has to be informed by the needs and aspirations of the indigenous people at the same time addressing their needs. It must be informed with what they want. "
22/03/2018 18:37:04,22/03/2018 18:37:04,"Jane Maland Cady","McKnight Foundation","Civil Society Organization : NOG","North America","Agroecological innovations are important in ""what"" they focus on and ""how"".  Using ecological principles to address farm and food challenges across the globe should be the focus.  That implies a new model of innovation that is cross-sectoral, multidisciplinary and inclusive of diverse knowledge systems and ways of creating that innovation.  Key words that describe - diverse, systems, holistic, inclusive, recycling, resilient, regenerative, participatory, salient, agency","The characteristics are important because the planet and people on it are out of balance and living past the planetary boundaries.  Rethinking agroecologial innovations  (what and how) is imperative to creating more a resilient and ecologically, socially and economically sustainable future."
22/03/2018 21:32:17,22/03/2018 21:32:17,"Bernard Guri","Groundswell international/ Center for indigenous knowledge and Organizational Development","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Building on Indigenous and local knowledge/resources","These are the core characteristics for innovation for sustainable and resilient food systems"
22/03/2018 22:08:01,22/03/2018 22:08:01,"Mulata Nurhusen Mehamed","Aywa Agro Industry ","Private sector","Near East and North Africa","1. Environmental 
and social 
innovation (community, 
communication)
2. Economic 
(autonomy) 
and social Innovation","1. Organic Farming 
Promoting:- Organic farming is a mode of production that finds originality in 
the use of farming practices and livestock concerned with respect for the balance of nature. Thus, it excludes the use of synthetic chemicals and restricts the use of inputs.
The benefits for society are multiple in terms of activities and jobs 
creation, preservation of the quality of the soils, biodiversity, air 
and water. This mode of production allows to experience life-size 
innovative environmental practices and which are likely to be 
developed more widely in agriculture. Its modes of processing 
focus on the development of the natural characteristics of the 
products. 
2. Improve food self-
reliance of the herd by 
the optimization of 
pasture, by the quality 
of the harvested 
forage and protein on 
the farm production. Thus;
The autonomy of farms is a double challenge: from an economic 
point of view but also from an environmental point of view. Limit 
inputs and external purchases to reduce the economic cost to the 
farmer but also the environmental cost (transport). Sourcing 
locally also responds to this issue."
23/03/2018 06:56:42,23/03/2018 06:56:42,"Mersha Yilma","MELCA-Ethiopia","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Innovations in healthy soil and agricultural ecosystem management.
Characteristic features of  regenerative agriculture.
Agro-ecological practices in urban settings.
Conserving agro-biodiversity for healthy  and resilient socio-ecological landscapes.","Because they are all key factors in agro-ecological transitions to sustainable food systems."
23/03/2018 08:07:37,23/03/2018 08:07:37,"Jayakumar ","Pesticide Action Network India","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Asia and the Pacific","Mobile Organic Agri-Clinic.

This is vehicle that offer support for farmers to go agroecology farmer. The vehicle has tools, machines and equipments to till, prepare land for farming, saplings, seeds, inputs,plant protection inputs, sprayer , pumps, cutters, and all the needs of small scale farmer. Many farmers complaint about delay in getting labour and trained and skilled person to help. The mobile clinic offers , advise and help from technicians and suppliers so that one phone call brings all solutions from land preparation to harvest.
Often the lack of knowledge support is obstacle for growth in  area of farms and numbers of farmers. So this is ready support with expertise and links farmers together as network and encourage peer learning and sharing of experiences. The cost of investment is brought down as the equipments and tools are available for rent.","The urban and rural farmers especially the small scale farmers are facing problems to get affordable services for cultivation. The clinic is a support subsidised by thanal an NGO and Organic Bazaar a seller to help grow farmers through making the support available at doorstep. Training, supplies for plant protection and preparing inputs at farmer field as participative activity as starter is helping farmers to move to organic and agroecology methods.  The young technicians are making a new start up in the sector.
"
23/03/2018 08:28:05,23/03/2018 08:28:05,"Marco Bertaglia","European Commission, Joint Research Centre","Government","Europe and Central Asia","Agroecology should be the *joint* and simultaneous application of *all* ecological principles: that's the specific approach. 

Approaches as permanent soil cover, with no-till, preservation of spontaneous vegetation, polycoltures, etc. are not novel, they are known and proven. Yet, they may be construed as 'innovations' because they are not widespread or mainstream. 

Within these proven practices, there is scope for specific innovations, e.g.:
- adapted tools and machinery that are as much as possible hand-driven, pushed or pulled, maybe with ""bike tractors"" or similar, and that are adapted to e.g. planting / seeding without soil labour and in no-till systems, with thick hay or straw mulch, or adapted to polyculture, including for harvesting in crops that are not monoculture;
- locally selected / preserved seed, self-produced by farmers (importantly, breeding/selection should focus on the population NOT the individual, one of the mistakes of past genetic improvement programmes)
- new planting /trasplanting / management protocols for e.g. wider-spaced cereals for maximum stems per plant
- improved companion planting taking into consideration spontaneous and cultivated plants
- improved in-the-field composting approaches
- innovative arrangements of production / marketing of products in mixed farms with very extensive husbandry practices which e.g. leaves more of say milk to offspring and only use a fraction of all milk produced in lactation, with livestock using less land than today, only in areas not competing for food production for human consumption.","Agroecology should be a complete paradigm shift from both conventional industrial agriculture and mainstream organic farming, abandoning the concept of 'applying practices' and shifting to whole-system (re)design, from farm to fork, considering all steps along the chain, and adopting nature-based solutions and mimicking nature at all stages of productions, transformation,  distribution and consumption  of food and other biomass.

Sustainability cannot be achieved if agriculture keeps using so much mechanisation and fossil fuel. Some of it will probably still be necessary, yet it should be reduced to a bear minimum. Some of the approaches required are quite difficult, and require the development of adapted tools, machinery, varieties, etc."
23/03/2018 11:16:15,23/03/2018 11:16:15,"Christian Andres","Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL","Academia","Europe and Central Asia","ecological, technical (biological, mechanical and organisational), socio-political and economic ","The context of sustainable food systems is highly complex. It concerns different stakeholders and requires a range of innovations in different dimensions."
24/03/2018 09:14:05,24/03/2018 09:14:05,"Bernard Guri","Groundswell International/Center for Indigenous Knowledge and Organizational Development (CIKOD).","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","They should be based on endogenous development principles, ie,
  -building on farmers/communities indigenous and local knowledge, 
 - farmers  traditional ecological farming practices 
 - farmers  worldviews.
But this should take into consideration appropriate  modern scientific principles.","Ecological agriculture is not a new science. It is the art of working with nature which  is what farmers and communities all over the world have been doing for millennia   before it got disrupted by so called modern science/industrial agriculture."
24/03/2018 10:20:02,24/03/2018 10:20:02,"Yogesh Jadhav","Barli Development Institute for Rural Women","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Asia and the Pacific","Agroecological innovations should : 
be adaptive to rural areas, promote women's empowerment, cater to the poorest of poor","Majority of agricultural activities in developing countries are carried out by rural and tribal women. Rural and tribal women are the primary users and caretakers of forests and agricultural lands, hence know better about its sustainability. If these women are trained in agroecological innovations, the impacts could be maximised and scaled up over time efficiently."
25/03/2018 03:36:47,25/03/2018 03:36:47,"Steve Gliessman","University of California, Santa Cruz","Academia","North America","First and foremost, agroecological innovations should be much more than just farming practices.  They should be new ways to create food system change at all levels of the food system, from the farm to the table, from the farmer to the eater, and for all sectors of society.  They should be co-created through participatory collaboration where research and practice are joined, where agroecological science links with local farmer knowledge, and where a relationship-based food system provides food that is safe, healthy, and available to everyone.  Agroecological innovations also include new and effective policies that respect the rights of everyone to food that is good for them, for the environment, for each person's culture, for local economies, and for future generations.   "," This integrated, multi-dimensional view of innovations is needed in order to support the movements around the world that are grounded in agroecology.  Agroecological innovations usually can find more immediate application in changing farming practices, but innovations must also be developed and applied in everything from  bringing diversity back to agricultural landscapes, providing access to land, developing short-chain and local markets,  enacting policy changes that strengthen food sovereignty, and many more.  Ultimately, innovations in thinking and acting are needed in order to put ""Culture"" back into Agri-Culture."
26/03/2018 09:21:59,26/03/2018 09:21:59,"Stefano BISOFFI","Consultant","Academia","Europe and Central Asia","Understanding the biological mechanisms of plant/plant and plant/parasite interactions in order to provide a scientific basis to empirical observations of synergistic or antagonistic effects","A sound scientific knowledge would equip the agroecological approach with sound, evidence based reasons to balance the simplistic but effective arguments of conventional agriculture to maintain its superiority in ensuring high productivity. "
26/03/2018 15:23:30,26/03/2018 15:23:30,"Sara Lickel","Secours catholique - Caritas France","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Europe and Central Asia","Agroecological innovations depend on the public policies that are conditioning them. Those should focus on:
-land rights and land security
-innovative indicators that allow to measure not only the production's contribution to the GDP but the environmental benefits (soil nutriments, water cycles, avoided pollution and its consequences on human and animal health), quality of jobs created, local well being, food security...
-build agroecological innovations from a bottom up perspective, encouraging knowledge sharing
-allow and encourage circulation and exchange of local seeds
-coherence of other public policies with the objective of scaling up agroecology (trade and investment policies are threatening the development of agroecology innovations).","Improving land security and ensuring that common goods (seeds, water and land) are accessible to all are a prerequisite for agroecology. Rethinking indicators to take into account all the benefits provided by agroecology would help to orientate public policies to realize SDGs with agroecology.  
When designing the path towards sustainable food systems, we must bear in mind that some intensive practices will have to be abandoned because they are contradictory with agroecology."
26/03/2018 18:00:12,26/03/2018 18:00:12,"Peter Gubbels","Groundswell International","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Agroecological innovations are developed by application of ecological processes and knowledge to specific contexts, reflecting key principles: recycling of biomass ; optimizing nutrient availability  effective  management of organic matter and soil health (biotic activity); minimizing loss of nutrients through sun, air and water through microclimate management, water harvesting and increased soil cover; crop/species diversification at the field and landscape level; Enhancing 
 biological interactions and synergisms within ecological processes and services;  facilitates the transition to gradual intensification of ecological processes over time, reducing need for external inputs;  is multi-functional addressing not just production/economic viability, but resilience, sustainability, equity, and good nutrition


that take multiple 
technological forms according
to the local socio
-
economic needs of fa
rmers and their 
biophysical circumstances.
Agroecological innovations are born in situ with the 
participation of farmers in a
horizontal (not vertical) manner and technologies are not 
standardized but
are 
rather
flexible and respond and adapt to each particula
r 
situation","They are particularly well suited for small farming systems that continue to feed people in many parts of the planet, especially in developing countries;  have potential to achieve food and nutrition security  since they are knowledge intensive, not dependent on external inputs;  and are essential to adapt to and mitigate climate change; reduce risks, regenerate the natural resource base, biodiversity and soil health 
humanity in a peak oil era 
of global climate change and fi
nancial crisis
. 
Rece
n
t 
r
esearch has 
demonstrated
that small diverse farms are more resilient to droughts and 
hurricanes. "
26/03/2018 18:08:45,26/03/2018 18:08:45,"Peter Gubbels","Groundswell International","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Agroecological innovations are developed by application of ecological processes and knowledge to specific contexts, reflecting key principles: 
•	recycling of biomass ; 
•	optimizing nutrient availability effective management of organic matter and soil health (biotic
        activity); 
•	 minimizing loss of nutrients through sun, air and water through microclimate management, water harvesting and increased soil cover; 
•	diversification of crops/species at the field and landscape level; 
•	Enhancing biological interactions and synergisms within ecological processes and services; 
        Facilitating the transition of a gradual intensification of ecological processes over time
•	Reducing need for external inputs; 
•	is multi-functional addressing  production/economic viability, but also resilience, sustainability, 
        social equity, and good nutrition
","They are particularly well suited for small farming systems that continue to feed people in many parts of the planet, especially in developing countries;  have potential to achieve food and nutrition security  since they are knowledge intensive, not dependent on external inputs;  and are essential to adapt to and mitigate climate change; reduce risks, regenerate the natural resource base, biodiversity and soil health 
"
26/03/2018 18:09:31,26/03/2018 18:09:31,"Peter Gubbels","Groundswell International","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Agroecological innovations are developed by application of ecological processes and knowledge to specific contexts, reflecting key principles: 
•	recycling of biomass ; 
•	optimizing nutrient availability effective management of organic matter and soil health 
         (biotic activity); 
•	 minimizing loss of nutrients through sun, air and water through microclimate management, water harvesting and increased soil cover; 
•	diversification of crops/species at the field and landscape level; 
•	Enhancing biological interactions and synergisms within ecological processes and services; 
        Facilitating the transition of a gradual intensification of ecological processes over time
•	Reducing need for external inputs; 
•	is multi-functional addressing  production/economic viability, but also resilience, sustainability, 
        social equity, and good nutrition
","They are particularly well suited for small farming systems that continue to feed people in many parts of the planet, especially in developing countries;  have potential to achieve food and nutrition security  since they are knowledge intensive, not dependent on external inputs;  and are essential to adapt to and mitigate climate change; reduce risks, regenerate the natural resource base, biodiversity and soil health 
"
28/03/2018 16:39:13,28/03/2018 16:39:13,"Ruchi Shroff","Navdanya","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Asia and the Pacific","Keywords: Viable, just (socially and environmentally), inclusive and culturally sensitive, strategic and future-oriented, particularly in terms of resiliency (ie. integrating climate change adaptation measures - including considerations of pests, conserving freshwater where necessary, conserving biodiversity in the face of drastic biodiversity losses) and 'bridging'. 
","Innovations must be viable, otherwise they will not be adopted. They should be environmentally and socially just as a matter of ethics. They should be strategic and future-oriented in light of escalating global challenges such as freshwater scarcity in some regions, climate change and biodiversity loss. 
"
29/03/2018 11:05:30,29/03/2018 11:05:30,"ALBERTA GUERRA","ACTION AID USA","Civil Society Organization : NOG","North America","Agroecological innovations should be climate resilient, people-centered and women-led. Innovation of this kind leads to local alternatives that are based on indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices of community men and women, tested and proven over time  combined appropriately with scientific knowledge and modern technology that truly enhance climate resilient and sustainable. The challenges will require to combine research and traditional knowledge, stronger theoretical knowledge and field testing by farmers to inform it. Women and men farmers need space, time and resources to experiment, test and validate the small innovations that they are making bring about positive change to their farming systems. This requires adequate funding for public participatory research on agroecology, to support farmers and their innovations.  ","Women and men farmers led innovations incorporate key insights based on their own local contexts and needs. Women and men farmers that are empowered to drive their own innovation will design and promote local healthy food production and consumption  systems that are more adapted to local ecosystems and climate condition and take into account complexity.     "
29/03/2018 12:17:29,29/03/2018 12:17:29,"Donati Alex senzia","PELUM Tanzania","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","People centered; ecological friendly; nurtures the earth;  uses locally available resources; sustains soil health; sustains the life of other living organisms. ",""
29/03/2018 13:14:13,29/03/2018 13:14:13,"Maria Goss","Practical Action","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Sub Saharan Africa","Should be based on NRM activities incorporated within the agro-systems production and management across the whole value chain
should advocate for minimal dependence/reliance on inorganic pesticides for enhanced productivity
Innovations/interventions should be based on IKS and scaled up with involvement of targeted community beneficiaries using participatory-based approaches/methodologies
Agroecological innovations/interventions must be easy to implement, low-resourced and sustainable for the beneficiary community even after donor funds have run out
Capacity building on agro-ecological principles must be an underlying factor for any innovation/intervention within target communities. 
","NRM embedded activities within agro-ecological innovations will ensure that the environment is protected and safe even for future generations
Basing agro-ecological innovations on IKS will ensure that the local communities easily understand the concept, workings and the areas addressed by the new interventions, ensuring that these 'new ideas' are accepted, adopted and the communities adapt the them.
Using easy to implement and low-resource requiring innovations will ensure the sustainability of such even after donor funds have run out and implementing partners have moved out of the communities. 
"
29/03/2018 18:58:00,29/03/2018 18:58:00,"Salvatore BASILE & Kim ASAEL","IN.N.E.R. - International Network of Eco Regions","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Europe and Central Asia","1) The multi-functional approach endorsed by a Bio-district developing territories through organic agriculture and agro-ecological practices allows for:
- economic profitability (marketing opportunities for producers; supply chains to revitalize solid and equitable local market level; green public procurement; eco-tourism..).
- valorisation of local biodiversities to contribute to a sustainable environment through different eco-system services and the reduction of impact of farming on natural resources.
- social valorisation of the territorial employment in agriculture of young people, women, residents in general, enhancing local cultural traditions and knowledge.

2) The systemic approach of a Bio-district giving the best value to the use of the territorial resources allows for more flexible funding strategies and a coordinated use of financial resources in order to adopt territorial strategies of local integrated development 

3) The democratic territorial food governance based on the cooperation between local governments and municipalities with local private actors, favours the exchange between different stakeholders, the awareness and participation of all citizens of the territory that have interest in adopting the principles and methods of agro-ecology and organic faming to manage and live a sustainable environment where all local resources are preserved, enhanced and used for the a healthy nutrition and wellbeing of all participants at the Bio-district.
","1) The multi-functional organic production and the ethics of consumption in the Bio-districts generate a global organic way of living which can offer everyone a healthy and safe product, to improve environmental conditions, to cut down the costs of the socio-sanitary services and those for the environmental management. Sustainability of this innovative practice of organic agriculture and agro-ecology  is sustainable because labour, capital, goods and services become all factors of organic production of the Bio-district.

2) It stimulates the creation of networks of networks (aggregating all actors from the transformation, distribution and trade compounds) and more broaden alliances to frame all challenging spaces to be investigated (Homeopathic..., organic pesticides..), to build upon an horizontal knowledge-building, measurements (indicators) and benchmarking.

3) The participative and inclusive community of a Bio-district, operating through the bottom-up virtuous governance in  the Bio-district has policy implications by favouring an increase of mutual trust that supports the development of social, inclusive and sustainable food systems.

The pact signed among the Bio-district's actors link the development of organic agriculture to an inclusive territorial development needed to go towards more sustainable food systems.
"
30/03/2018 02:16:33,30/03/2018 02:16:33,"Mr. Phay Cheth","Oxfam","Civil Society Organization : NOG","Asia and the Pacific","Women-Led Agriculture Service (WLAS) team --An innovative approach towards strengthening smallholder farmers’ access to agriculture extension services. It is a group of landless and small women farmers equipped with agriculture technique and skills to provide local technical service for farming including land leveling, land preparation, transplanting, harvesting, fertilizing, weeding, so on and so forth.
 ","In Cambodia, small-scale farmers are facing the issue of low economic return from their rice farming because of low productivity and high input costs. The system of rice intensification (SRI) allows farmers to use less inputs. In dry areas, SRI could result in an average yield of 3.6 ton/ha, while under a similar situation the yield with traditional practice is only 2.4 ton/ha. Another critical issue that farmers are facing is labor shortage since the country’s economic conditions continue to force many men to migrate for work in the towns and cities. The Women-led Agriculture Service (WLAS) team is initiated to service the SRI farmers in their local community. The innovation focus on small-scale farmers who receive little or no agricultural extension support and grow rice using traditional methods (e.g. broadcasting seeds) and tend towards excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in their farming. This practice leads to low productivity, environmental pollution, and even toxicity in rice production which impacts negatively on their health. The WLAS teams could address for the following: 1) labor shortage in Agriculture by filling the gap of labor shortage in local community in agriculture and farming, especially for small scale farmers and older farmers, 2) alternative support to landless/small holder farmers by helping support to landless/small farmers to get income for their families through quality service provision in agriculture, 3) absence of local female extension workers in agriculture by having more women to become extension service provider in agriculture in local community, and 4) uphold women dignity by raising their social status within community. "

Télécharger le fichier d'export au format csv