Salvatore BASILE & Kim ASAEL

Organisation : IN.N.E.R. - International Network of Eco Regions
Category : Civil Society Organization : NOG
Region : Europe and Central Asia
What are, or should be, the main characteristics of agroecological innovations ? (sentences or key words) : 1) The multi-functional approach endorsed by a Bio-district developing territories through organic agriculture and agro-ecological practices allows for:
- economic profitability (marketing opportunities for producers; supply chains to revitalize solid and equitable local market level; green public procurement; eco-tourism..).
- valorisation of local biodiversities to contribute to a sustainable environment through different eco-system services and the reduction of impact of farming on natural resources.
- social valorisation of the territorial employment in agriculture of young people, women, residents in general, enhancing local cultural traditions and knowledge.

2) The systemic approach of a Bio-district giving the best value to the use of the territorial resources allows for more flexible funding strategies and a coordinated use of financial resources in order to adopt territorial strategies of local integrated development

3) The democratic territorial food governance based on the cooperation between local governments and municipalities with local private actors, favours the exchange between different stakeholders, the awareness and participation of all citizens of the territory that have interest in adopting the principles and methods of agro-ecology and organic faming to manage and live a sustainable environment where all local resources are preserved, enhanced and used for the a healthy nutrition and wellbeing of all participants at the Bio-district.
Why are these characteristics important for agroecological transitions to sustainable food systems ? : 1) The multi-functional organic production and the ethics of consumption in the Bio-districts generate a global organic way of living which can offer everyone a healthy and safe product, to improve environmental conditions, to cut down the costs of the socio-sanitary services and those for the environmental management. Sustainability of this innovative practice of organic agriculture and agro-ecology is sustainable because labour, capital, goods and services become all factors of organic production of the Bio-district.

2) It stimulates the creation of networks of networks (aggregating all actors from the transformation, distribution and trade compounds) and more broaden alliances to frame all challenging spaces to be investigated (Homeopathic..., organic pesticides..), to build upon an horizontal knowledge-building, measurements (indicators) and benchmarking.

3) The participative and inclusive community of a Bio-district, operating through the bottom-up virtuous governance in the Bio-district has policy implications by favouring an increase of mutual trust that supports the development of social, inclusive and sustainable food systems.

The pact signed among the Bio-district's actors link the development of organic agriculture to an inclusive territorial development needed to go towards more sustainable food systems.